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Chief Editor -
Abdulrazak Abyad MD, MPH, MBA, AGSF, AFCHSE

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Volume 9, Issue 1, September 2019

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Editorial

Sheykhi, M,T, looked at the the gender gap narrowing in Iran from sociological viewpoints. The author stressed that education as a key factor affects all aspects of life by the girls/women. Higher education was widespread and thereby the standards of the females started changing. Higher education by the women usually provide better and higher voice to them. The mentality of gender inequality could solely be reached through higher education by the girls and for the girls. As compared with girls/women in other developing and developed countries, female tertiary educated people is qualitatively and quantitatively in a satisfactory situation in Iran. The new scenario highly affects their living standards, social position, their demographics and their productivity. What the country needs, is the potential to further invest in them. As their expectations have changed, they materially need more income to enable them to consume. Education has transformed them to be further modernity-oriented. Higher education has highly changed the fertility behavior of the women, and that would endow the girls/women with longer life expectancy in the years to come. Higher education by the girls/women has given them more chances of migration and mobility.


Bendak L investigated the effectiveness of "Talk It Out" conflict resolution program on six graders' beliefs about aggression and alternatives in a local school in Beirut. The quantitative approach was adopted where the total number of learners in the study was 51, from the same school, whose ages ranged from 10.6 to 11.4 years. The sample was divided into two groups, where the control group had 25 learners from a grade 6 class, and the experimental group had 26 learners from another section. The measuring instrument that was used in this study is the "Beliefs about Aggression and Alternatives" survey. A pretest was done to both groups prior to the intervention period. Then, the "Talk It Out" program was employed for the experimental group over a period of five weeks. After that, the posttest was done and the results were analyzed using independent sample T-tests and paired sample T-tests. The author stressed that the results of this study showed statistical differences to the benefit of the experimental group over the control group.


Zoromba, M et al looked at the Psychometric Properties of the Arabic Version of Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS). The authors stressed that Tic is a sudden, repetitive, non-rhythmic motor move or vocalization including separated group of muscles. Aim: Assess the validity and reliability of Arabic version of the Yale Global Tic Severity Scale (YGTSS). Methods: Methodological design was utilized to investigate Content Validity Index (CVI) reported by nine experts. Intra-class correlation coefficient ICC (Interrater and Intrarater Agreement) and Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients were addressed to investigate reliability. Results: CVI of clarity and relevance for each item ranged from 0.67 to 1. Predominance score of clarity and relevance = 0.89 for most of items. Total CVI= 0.88. Cronbach's alpha reliability coefficients for the Total Motor Tic Score =0.84, Total Vocal Tic Score =0.91, and Total Tic Score =0.80. ICC (Inter-rater agreement) of YGTSS regarding; motor tics, vocal tics, impairment and total severity score (r= 0.72, 0.98, 0.88, and 0.97 respectively). ICC (Intra-rater agreement) of YGTSS regarding; motor tics, vocal tics, impairment and total severity score were = 0.96, 0.97, 1, and 0.96; respectively. Conclusion: Current Arabic Version is highly valid and reliable. Implications for Practice: Using current Arabic version of YGTSS to assess severity of tics

Dr Abulrazak Abyad
Chief Editor
Email: aabyad@cyberia.net.lb

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